Occurrence: Sub Saharan African countries where there is a reservoir in warthogs, excluding South Africa, some Indian Ocean Islands, Georgia, Russia and Eastern European countries where it is mainly present in wild boar, also Sardinia.
Age affected: All ages.
Cause: African Swine Fever virus.
Effects: Highly contagious and often fatal disease, beginning 4-5 days after infection and causing fever followed by dullness, breathing difficulty, vomiting, coughing, nasal and ocular discharge, abortion in pregnant sows, cyanosis of the extremities and death within 7 days. Chronically affected pigs are emaciated and often lame with skin ulceration.