The intra-dermal route of vaccination could replace the traditional needle in the future as application devices become available to ensure accurate dosing of the vaccine for safe and efficacious protection. Paolo Martelli for the University of Parma, Italy highlights the practical advantages for producers.
This article can also be found in Pig Progress Volume 22 number 2. To view the article online simply click on the link below.
Keywords: intra-dermal, vaccination, IDAL, Italy, Intervet, PRRS, Aujeszky’s disease