Good production results, no debt whatsoever and with promising investments in solar panels. Sbarra farm in northern Italy sounds like it has all it takes to face the future. Its owner, however, still has doubts whether to go there.
Matteo Sbarra’s shirt prominently reveals the word ‘farmer’. It’s difficult to call him a proud one though. Despite having a beautiful farm, which he inherited in 2015 together with his sister Laura, he would rather shut op shop sooner rather than later. Without hesitation he says, “I’d like to become a professional golf player.”
The heaviest pigs look shiny and are in top condition. There are 13 pigs per pen, fed in long troughs. Most pig sections count 400 pigs. Photo Henk Riswick
His comment is not related to any financial problems. On the contrary, his farm is a modern one, completely up-to-date and free from debts. Despite low prices, in mid-2016, he is still making profit. It’s just that he’s not enjoying pig production as much – which in itself might be called remarkable, considering the fact that he is the son of Piero Emilio Sbarra. His father was both a veterinarian and pig producer, and as such he used to be chairman of Italy’s National Association for Swine Producers (ANAS) between 2000 and 2013.
Sbarra junior, age 40, says, “I just don’t really feel like being into pigs. They smell, there’s not enough profitability and it’s only because of the Parma ham that there is still pig production in the Po Valley. For me, that is an unstable basis. We cannot sell the rest of the meat in a cost covering way. In Denmark, Germany or the Netherlands, producers can do that much better. Should there be a buyer offering about €7 million, then I’ll hand over the barn keys in an instant.”
Matteo Sbarra, owner of Sbarra finishing farm, Italy. Photo Henk Riswick
For that €7 million – and perhaps for less – a buyer would get about 200 ha of land and roughly 12,000 finishing places, near a town called Ceresara, Lombardy region. This includes the animals plus a feed mill and spacious grains storage. It sounds like a bargain, considering that the price per ha in the area is around €44,000. Sbarra says, “30% of the farm is owned by me and my sister; the other 70% is owned by two steel barons. Our share is worth just under €7 million. In fact, however, in its current form it is impossible to sell.”
For Sbarra, the only option is to carry on. He is, however, winding down. At the moment, he has contracted another farm with 850 sows at about 3 km distance. From the outside they might not be the newest, but inside the set-up is modern and well thought-through. Nowhere is there any maintenance backlog to be seen.
Sbarra delivers feed and medicine, the owner’s input is the housing, the sows and all labour. Piglets are weaned at 28 days, when they are 8 kg on average, for which the contract breeder receives €16 each, at 26 weaned piglets per sow per year. To put things into perspective: top breeders in Italy reach 28.
Well organised: an infirmary for sick pigs with small pens that are partially in open air. Photo Henk Riswick
This contract will end at the beginning of 2017, as another finishing farmer was happy to pay more. Sbarra is OK with this, saying, “It’s too much of a fuss anyway; I’ll get piglets through the cooperation. That will cost me another €75,000 every year, but most probably it will give me better quality piglets as I will switch to Danish genetics. The €75,000 will have to be earned back through finishing by a higher average daily gain, so more finisher pigs delivered or a lower feed consumption.”
Finishing in 3 different stages
On his own farm, the finisher pig producer will have to move his pigs twice. The weaned piglets arrive in pens keeping 13 animals in departments containing 200 to 400 piglets. The pens have plastic floors with a closed element. Initially, the piglets receive liquid feed in long troughs – a system which is used for all types of pigs. The pigs have a space of 0.4 m2 per animal.
The weaned piglets receive piglet meal in the first weeks on the Sbarra farm. Photo Henk Riswick
They stay in these pens for roughly 6 weeks until they weigh about 35 kg; that is when they are moved to a second unit. There, the space is about 0.7 m2 per animal. They stay here about 10 weeks, until they weigh just under 80 kg. The last step is a move to a finishing unit, where they have 1.1 m2 at their disposal. The animals stay here another 15 weeks. Total finishing in 2015 thus took around 270 days, from weaning to slaughter.
Weaned piglets receive around 20 kg weaning and piglet feed which is purchased. After this phase, they consume about 520 kg feed until they reach the delivery weight of on average 167 kg. Approximately half of the grains he is using, Sbarra produces on own and rented land.
All pigs are fed liquid feed. The liquid feed equipment is modern and is located underneath the feed mill with its silos. Photo Henk Riswick
When visiting the farm, the pigs’ health as well as its rosy colour are striking. In addition, the guide is motivated and very well informed. When asked why not just give her the day-to-day management and limit yourself to purchasing issues and regular management? Sbarra shakes his head – ‘it’s too expensive’.
That might, however, be too easy an answer. About 50% of the farm roofs have been covered with solar panels – something Sbarra, a graduated economist, takes pride in. He says, “We invested roughly €3 million last year, that is the only financial investment in this farm. Interest and redemption are about €19,000 per month, but we deliver for about €25,000 in electricity to networks.”
In short – a debt-free farm and grounds, a money machine on the roofs, beautiful pig houses and very healthy pigs. For Matteo Sbarra, it could’ve been fantastic, if only it had been his passion.
* Boerderij is a Dutch-language sister title to Pig Progress, and the leading agricultural title in the Netherlands.
Sbarra Farm, Ceresara, Italy
Allevamenti zootecnici di Sbarra keeps 12,000 finishing pigs for Parma ham production, which he takes from 8 kg to slaughter weight at 170 kg. The farm employs six people, of which two are active in arable farming and feed milling. In addition, at 3 km there is a contract multiplication unit with 850 sows. There is about 200 ha for feed grains: 100 ha corn, 50 ha wheat and 50 ha barley. About half of the grounds has been rented for €900 per ha per year. Half of the roofs of the finisher pig buildings have been covered with solar panels.