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SPM FEED MILL & PIG FARM: Thailand

Thailand offers many opportunities for pig farmers, but it takes that extra step to profit from it. At SPM Feed Mill & Pig Farm, a way has been found to combine making money with care for the environment. And there's more, Vincent ter Beek, editor of Pig Progress, found out.

Read more about this farm visit in Pig Progress 27.04.

Photo

  • SPM Feedmill is located near the city of Ratchaburi, about 1.5 hour’s drive west of the Thai capital Bangkok.

    SPM Feedmill is located near the city of Ratchaburi, about 1.5 hour’s drive west of the Thai capital Bangkok.

  • Founder and managing director is Dr Somchai Nitikanchana, age 59. He has been leading the company since 1990, although it is nowadays owned by his children.

    Founder and managing director is Dr Somchai Nitikanchana, age 59. He has been leading the company since 1990, although it is nowadays owned by his children.

  • He started out with a feed mill and a pig production facility and grew out to become one of the larger independent feed and pork companies. Main driver for him is to combine profitable production with environmentally friendly production.

    He started out with a feed mill and a pig production facility and grew out to become one of the larger independent feed and pork companies. Main driver for him is to combine profitable production with environmentally friendly production.

  • Total capacity is 200,000 tonnes of feed per year. About 50% is sold externally, and the other 50% is used on own farms. In addition, his farms are populated by 16,000 sows, producing 300,000 finishers annually.

    Total capacity is 200,000 tonnes of feed per year. About 50% is sold externally, and the other 50% is used on own farms. In addition, his farms are populated by 16,000 sows, producing 300,000 finishers annually.

  • Pigs are grown on multisite systems in two zones in the province. One of these zones approximately 50 km away, the other multisite production facility can be found in the surroundings of the feed mill. Each zone has its own breeding and growing facility – as well as a couple of finisher farms.

    Pigs are grown on multisite systems in two zones in the province. One of these zones approximately 50 km away, the other multisite production facility can be found in the surroundings of the feed mill. Each zone has its own breeding and growing facility – as well as a couple of finisher farms.

  • Moving to the finisher site around the feed mill, having 22 buildings, it can be seen that manure is re-used in various ways – for instance to grow bananas right next to the finisher buildings.

    Moving to the finisher site around the feed mill, having 22 buildings, it can be seen that manure is re-used in various ways – for instance to grow bananas right next to the finisher buildings.

  • In addition, slurry is sun-dried…

    In addition, slurry is sun-dried…

  • – and used as fertiliser.

    – and used as fertiliser.

  • Needless to say, slurry is also used for producing biogas.

    Needless to say, slurry is also used for producing biogas.

  • Generators turn the biogas into energy.

    Generators turn the biogas into energy.

  • A large water pool is located close to the finisher site, for use for the pigs’ consumption.

    A large water pool is located close to the finisher site, for use for the pigs’ consumption.

  • At a different location, the grower barns can be found. Their houses, just like the finishers’, are equipped with evaporative ventilation.

    At a different location, the grower barns can be found. Their houses, just like the finishers’, are equipped with evaporative ventilation.

  • Directly adjacent to the feed mill, the breeding facilities can be found. Located next to rice fields...

    Directly adjacent to the feed mill, the breeding facilities can be found. Located next to rice fields...

  • …or small lakes, the views are great.

    …or small lakes, the views are great.

  • On average 22-24 piglets are weaned per sow per year. Piglets are weaned at 24-26 days.

    On average 22-24 piglets are weaned per sow per year. Piglets are weaned at 24-26 days.

  • Average daily gain of the finishers (20-100 kg) eventually amounts to 700 g/day. They are sold to a broker to go for slaughter at 100-105 kg liveweight.

    Average daily gain of the finishers (20-100 kg) eventually amounts to 700 g/day. They are sold to a broker to go for slaughter at 100-105 kg liveweight.

  • A continuous process is going on to replace old stables by novel ones.

    A continuous process is going on to replace old stables by novel ones.

  • This older type of building now is used for older multiparous sows, waiting to go to the slaughterhouse.

    This older type of building now is used for older multiparous sows, waiting to go to the slaughterhouse.

  • Their manure is caught at the bottom as the animals themselves are living on an elevated level.

    Their manure is caught at the bottom as the animals themselves are living on an elevated level.

  • Last but not least – even here, Dr Somchai has been considering the environment. The latest project, widely reported on in the Thai media, includes the placement of solar panels on the roof.

    Last but not least – even here, Dr Somchai has been considering the environment. The latest project, widely reported on in the Thai media, includes the placement of solar panels on the roof.

  • The energy is transformed into heat by this turbine, and this is used...

    The energy is transformed into heat by this turbine, and this is used...

  • ...to keep the piglets warm!

    ...to keep the piglets warm!

  • Other types of vegetables are also grown on the site. Since the farm complexes have about 100,000 finisher places, quite some slurry is available for these goals.

    Other types of vegetables are also grown on the site. Since the farm complexes have about 100,000 finisher places, quite some slurry is available for these goals.

  • Future projects will also include the cultivation of palm trees for palm oil production.

    Future projects will also include the cultivation of palm trees for palm oil production.

  • These are all projects of the farm workers themselves. Once their own work in the pig farm is ready, they can reap and use the result from their work in the vegetable garden. In total, SPM has 1,000 employees.

    These are all projects of the farm workers themselves. Once their own work in the pig farm is ready, they can reap and use the result from their work in the vegetable garden. In total, SPM has 1,000 employees.

2 comments

  • no-profile-image

    Ms Annie Chiu

    Dear Sir/ Madam,

    I short brief to introduce our company to your goodself. Resilient Mix Sdn Bhd
    located in Prai Penang, Malaysia is the Manufacturer of " Copper Sulphate 25% - Feed Grade" to the Animal feed Industries. Our capacity of production is approximately 400 tonnes per month.
    Should you need further assistance or clarification to know more about copper sulphate, please feel free to contact me at mobile 6012-4786995 or office 604-5024 282. You can also browse through our website www.remixsb.com.my for further enquiry.

    Thank you very much.

    With best regards,
    Annie

  • Otto H. Jaekle

    I am a newcomer to pig feeding. Just want to know the price for pig food from the SPM factory.
    One bag is how many kilos and cost ? TB
    Regards
    Otto

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